Intuitive eating leads backlash against diet culture

Leaf and measuring tape on a plate with lemon water

When Laura Thomas first qualified as an nutritionist, she saw clients on a one-to-one basis.

She soon recognised a trend.

“A lot of them were eating the right sorts of foods like avocado and salmon and all that, but their relationship with food was in tatters,” she told BBC News NI.

Giving her clients the “perfect” meal plan would have aggravated the problem, she said.

Ms Thomas received her PhD in nutritional sciences from Texas A&M University and carried out postdoctoral training at Cornell University.

In 2016, she then went on to train in what’s known as ‘intuitive eating’.

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In a nutshell, intuitive eating is an anti-diet that encourages people not to base food choice on diet plans or health-food trends.

It follows principles like:

  • Enjoying your food
  • Eating when you’re hungry
  • Letting go of food rules
  • Not seeing foods as good or bad
  • Not tracking meals and exercise through apps or fitness trackers

“I think people are fed up being told that they have to eat clean,” Ms Thomas said.

Tom Quinn, director of external affairs for the national eating disorder charity Beat, said the trend of classing certain foods as “bad” or “good” can cause distress to people who are suffering from an eating disorder or vulnerable to developing one.

The ‘fitspo’ backlash

There are more than 63 million posts on Instagram under the hashtag “fitspo” – short for fitness inspiration.

Almost 44 million Instagram accounts have posted with the hashtag “healthylifestyle”.

The hashtag “cleaneating” has been added to more than 43 million posts.

A quick scroll through these posts show sculpted bodies and perfectly-crafted healthy plates captioned with nutritional information.

Laura ThomasImage copyrightLAURA THOMAS
Image caption“Health is so much more than nutrition,” said Laura Thomas

Some of the more popular accounts have used their social media following to release books, apps and launch online fitness coaching businesses, but there are concerns about the credentials of the people behind such accounts.

Now, registered nutritionists have taken to social media platforms like Instagram to debunk a lot of dieting rules and myths, posting under the hashtags “intuitiveeating” (882,100 posts) and “mindfuleating” (546,800 posts).

“I think there’s a general misconception about the relative importance of nutrition in our lives,” said Ms Thomas.

“It’s not to say that nutrition isn’t important, it’s just not the be all and end all.”

Danielle McCarthy is a PhD-qualified nutritionist with the Registered Nutritionist Association based in Belfast.

While diet obsession is nothing new, she said, what is new is the access to a plethora of new ideas about what it means to be healthy.

Danielle McCarthy
Image captionDanielle McCarthy said that clean eating trends can actually harm our health

“I worked with mothers who were removing food groups from children’s diets,” she said.

These things come from exposure to food trends.

Claire Feldman, who has a diploma in nutrition and lifestyle coaching from the Institute of Health Sciences in Dublin, said she has also noticed more posts under the hashtag “mindfuleating”.

“It’s become a bit of a buzzword,” she said.

But Mr Quinn said that more research is needed to determine the impact of social media on people’s recovery, as well as the risks it poses.

He said that intuitive eating might not be the best first step for someone recovering from an eating disorder.

Claire FeldmanImage copyrightEATOLOGY
Image captionClaire Feldman said that eating “lifestyles” promoted on Instagram do not work for everyone

“Since eating disorders often distort people’s hunger and satiety cues, and place restrictions on what the person feels able to eat, intuitive eating can be difficult,” he said.

“For people in recovery from an eating disorder, meal plans are often used in treatment, rather than reliance upon intuitive eating.”